How to Make Plum Brandy: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners

Learning how to make plum brandy is a process steeped in tradition, requiring patience, attention to detail, and a certain culinary ability. This robust, aromatic drink, deeply entrenched in Eastern Europe’s cultural heritage, embodies a blend of ripe plums and time-tested fermentation techniques that truly sets it apart.

Plum brandy, when made right, is filled with flavors that intertwine to produce a spirit that’s smooth, fruity, and rich. It’s a rewarding challenge that tests your patience and provides you with a unique beverage to savor at the end of the process.

How to Make Plum Brandy

Choosing the Right Plums

The first step in learning how to make plum brandy involves selecting the appropriate plums. With a wide range of varieties available, your choice of plums will dramatically influence the brandy’s taste, potency, and overall quality.

Choosing plums that are fully ripe and devoid of blemishes or mold is crucial. Varieties with a strong aroma and a balanced sweet and tart profile, such as Damson or Mirabelle, have consistently proven ideal for brandy due to their robust flavor profile.

Selecting the perfect plum also allows room for personalization. While some aficionados swear by one variety’s singular, unmistakable flavor, others enjoy the symphony of tastes derived from blending different types.

Don’t shy away from experimenting with using different plums to find your personal preference. After all, the best part about homemade brandy is the journey of creating a spirit that truly resonates with your taste.

Preparing the Ingredients

Having picked your plum of choice, the next step is preparing the necessary ingredients. You’ll need a quantity of the selected plums, granulated sugar, and a sizable fermentation container.

The amount of sugar required largely depends on your plums’ sweetness. However, a good rule of thumb is to use 250g of sugar per kilogram of plums.

A key aspect of brandy making that often gets overlooked is cleanliness. Ensuring your equipment is thoroughly clean is crucial to the process. Any traces of impurities can hinder the fermentation process and possibly ruin the taste of your brandy. Pay extra attention to sanitizing your container and all other equipment you’ll use during the process.

Fermentation Process

With the plums and equipment ready, you can now embark on the fermentation process. This is the heart of brandy-making, where the mashed plums and sugar create an environment conducive to fermentation.

This mixture, often referred to as the “mash,” should be covered and left to ferment at a constant temperature, ideally between 18-24°C (64-75°F).

The fermentation process is typically complete within three to four weeks, signified by the cessation of bubbling and the presence of a distinct alcoholic smell.

Fermentation is a delicate process that must be monitored closely. It requires the right balance of sugar, fruit, and temperature to allow the natural yeasts on the fruit to thrive.

Too cold, and the fermentation will take longer; too hot, and the yeasts could die off, halting the process entirely. Taking your time at this stage ensures that you’re starting off with a good foundation for your plum brandy.

Washing and Pitting the Plums

Washing is a crucial preparation step before the plums become part of the fermentation mix. This process removes any dirt, insects, or other impurities on the skin.

After washing, the next step is pitting the plums. This process involves removing the hard stone at the plum’s center. The most straightforward method involves slicing the plum and extracting the stone in half.

After pitting the plums, they should be mashed until they release their juice. Although the consistency doesn’t have to be entirely uniform, ensure you don’t have large chunks of fruit. Small chunks are acceptable, as they can contribute to a richer overall flavor.

Sweetening with Sugar and Enhancing Flavors

Adding sugar to your plum brandy is an art that requires a precise balance. Too much sugar can lead to an overly sweet drink that masks the natural flavors of the plums, while too little may result in a brandy that’s overly potent or bitter.

It’s a good idea, to begin with the general rule and adjust according to your preferences and the specific sugar content of your chosen plums.

In addition to sweetening, you can also enhance your brandy’s flavor with various ingredients. Vanilla pods and cinnamon sticks are common choices that add complexity to the brandy’s flavor profile. When used in moderation, these can harmonize beautifully with the plum’s natural taste to produce a well-rounded brandy.

Creating the Mash

Creating the mash marks the beginning of the fermentation process. Mix the pitted plums and sugar in your sanitized fermentation container until you get a pulp-like consistency. This mixture, which now becomes the mash, should be covered and left to ferment.

During the early stages of fermentation, the mash should be stirred once every two days for the first week to ensure an even fermentation process and prevent any mold from forming on the surface.

After the first week, you can reduce stirring to once a week, maintaining a watchful eye to ensure the fermentation proceeds smoothly.

Distillation Process

After the completion of fermentation, distillation follows. This step involves purifying and concentrating the alcohol present in your fermented mash. Distillation requires heating the mash to boiling point in a still.

As the alcohol evaporates, it ascends through the still, cools, and condenses into a liquid on the other side. This liquid, now significantly stronger and purer than it was in the mash, is your plum brandy.

Distillation is both a science and an art. It involves careful temperature control to ensure that only the alcohol and desirable flavors are distilled, leaving behind the water and unwanted compounds.

The resulting liquid, known as the distillate, is the essence of your plum brandy, capturing the concentrated flavors and alcohol from the fermented plum mash.

Aging the Plum Brandy

The aging process is a critical part of making plum brandy. While freshly distilled brandy can have a harsh and overpowering taste, aging allows the flavors to soften, mature, and blend.

This process occurs in oak barrels or glass demijohns that help reduce the alcohol’s harshness and enrich the brandy’s flavor.

The aging process can range from a few months to several years. The longer you age the brandy, the smoother and more complex the final product becomes. Patience is key in this stage. Rushing the aging process could lead to an unrefined product that lacks the desired depth of flavor.

Bottling and Storing

After aging your plum brandy, the next step is bottling. For this, it is essential to use sterilized bottles to ensure that no unwanted bacteria get the chance to contaminate your carefully crafted brandy.

Following bottling, store the brandy in a cool, dark place. The aging process doesn’t stop at bottling. The brandy can continue to age and improve in the bottle for several years if stored under the right conditions.

Homemade Plum Brandy Recipe

The following is a recipe you can use as you are leaning how to make plum brandy.

The amount of brandy this recipe will produce depends largely on the type of plums used and their juice content, the efficiency of the fermentation process, and the distillation process.

However, as a general guideline, 10 kilograms of plums might yield approximately 3-4 liters of plum brandy, given that a significant portion of the plums’ weight is water, which gets separated during the distillation process. This is a rough estimation and the actual quantity can vary.


10 kg ripe plums
2 kg granulated sugar
Distilled water
Yeast (optional if natural fermentation is not preferred)
Additional flavorings such as vanilla pods or cinnamon sticks (optional)


Large fermentation container (such as a food-grade bucket or glass carboy)
Stirring spoon
Fine cheesecloth or strainer
Glass demijohn or oak barrel for aging
Bottles for storing

How to Make Plum Brandy Instructions:

1. Preparation

Begin by thoroughly washing your plums to remove any dirt or impurities. This ensures you only ferment the sugars within the plum and not any external elements that could influence the taste or safety of your brandy.

Pit the plums by cutting around the seed and removing it. Ensure you do not crush or break the seed during this process as it can impart a bitter flavor.

After pitting, mash the plums in your fermentation container. You can use a potato masher or your clean hands for this. The goal is to break the plums down to release their juices.

2. Creating the Mash

Add your sugar to the mashed plums. You can reduce the sugar quantity if your plums are already quite sweet. Stir the mixture well to combine.

You can add a packet of yeast to ensure fermentation, but many traditional plum brandy recipes rely on the natural yeasts on the fruit’s skin.

If you’re using additional flavorings, add them now. Stir the mixture well.

Cover the container with a cloth or lid, and attach an airlock to allow the carbon dioxide produced during fermentation to escape while keeping air and potential contaminants out.

3. Fermentation

Let the mixture ferment in a cool, dark location for about 4-6 weeks. The exact time will depend on the temperature and the strength of your yeast.

Stir the mixture every couple of days for the first week to ensure an even fermentation process and to prevent mold from forming on the surface. After the first week, reduce stirring to once a week.

Once fermentation is complete (the bubbling has stopped, and the mash has a distinct alcoholic smell), strain the liquid from the solids using a fine cheesecloth or strainer. This liquid is your raw plum brandy, which needs to be distilled to increase its alcohol content and purity.

4. Distillation

Pour the fermented liquid into your still, following the manufacturer’s instructions for your specific model.

Heat the still to the point where the alcohol evaporates (around 78.37°C or 173.1°F) but below the point where water evaporates (100°C or 212°F). This separates the alcohol from the rest of the liquid.

The vapor will rise through the still and then condense into liquid in the condenser tube. Collect this liquid, which is now your distilled plum brandy.

5. Aging

Transfer the distilled brandy into your glass demijohn or oak barrel for aging. If you’re using flavorings, add them now.

Age the brandy for at least a few months and up to several years. The longer you age it, the smoother and more complex the flavors will become.

6. Bottling and Storing

After aging, bottle your plum brandy using sterilized bottles.

Store the bottled brandy in a cool, dark place. The brandy will continue to age and improve in the bottle.

Enjoy your homemade plum brandy neat, on the rocks, or in your favorite cocktail!

Popular Plum Brandy Varieties

As with any spirit, plum brandy comes in a wide array of styles and flavors, largely dependent on the region of production. Serbian Slivovitz and Romanian Tuica are two notable examples of plum brandy renowned for their robust, fruity flavor and substantial alcohol content. These are often aged in oak barrels, which gives them a smooth finish and a unique, complex flavor profile.

In contrast, France offers its interpretation of plum brandy, known as Eau de Vie de Prune, translating to ‘water of life of the plum.’ Characteristically clear, exceptionally aromatic, and smoothly potent, the French version embodies the essence of the plums used, providing a refreshing take on this traditional spirit.

Enjoying Plum Brandy

The enjoyment of plum brandy goes beyond the confines of the distillery. Some connoisseurs prefer to savor it neat, relishing the intricate balance of flavors unadulterated. It is often served as a digestif, a closing note to a meal that aids digestion and serves as a moment of relaxation.

Others may prefer it on the rocks or as part of a sophisticated cocktail. In colder climates, plum brandy also finds its way into warming concoctions like hot cider or mulled wine, providing an added layer of richness and complexity. Pairing plum brandy with certain foods such as strong cheeses, smoked meats, or dark chocolate can also enhance the spirit’s richness and fruitiness, making it a versatile drink to enjoy.

Additional Considerations and Tips

As you are learning how to make plum brandy, it is important to keep the following things in mind. The process of making alcohol at home, if not performed correctly, can be potentially hazardous. Adherence to safety guidelines is paramount, especially during the distillation process.

Home distilling might be subject to legal regulations in some jurisdictions, necessitating a permit or license. Therefore, you should familiarize yourself with local laws concerning home distilling before you embark on this journey.

Ensuring the process is done safely and legally will make your plum brandy-making experience all the more rewarding.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the best types of plums for making brandy?

The choice of plums plays a critical role in the flavor profile of your brandy. Damson and Mirabelle plums are generally considered excellent choices due to their robust flavor and high sugar content. However, the beauty of making your own brandy lies in the opportunity to experiment with various types of plums and discover a unique blend that suits your preference.

What is the fermentation process for plums?

Fermentation is the biological process where the sugar in the plums is converted into alcohol by yeast. After mashing the plums and sugar together, the mixture is left to ferment at a constant temperature for several weeks. This process is indicated by the bubbling of the mixture and the distinct alcoholic smell that develops.

How long should plum brandy be aged?

The aging process for plum brandy can vary based on personal preference. However, a general guideline is to age plum brandy for at least a few months to allow the flavors to mellow out and blend together. The brandy can be aged for several years for a smoother and more complex flavor profile.

What variations can be made to a plum brandy recipe?

There are several ways to introduce variation into a plum brandy recipe. Some people like introducing flavor enhancers like a vanilla pod or a cinnamon stick during aging. Blending different types of plums or adjusting the amount of sugar can also result in a unique flavor profile.

How do you know when the plum brandy is ready?

Knowing when the plum brandy is ready often boils down to personal preference. After the brandy has been aged for your desired period, you can sample a small amount to gauge whether it’s ready. The brandy should have a smooth, rich, and well-rounded flavor profile. It might benefit from additional aging if it still tastes harsh or lacks depth.

What are some popular plum brandy cocktails?

Plum brandy is a versatile spirit that can be enjoyed in many ways, including in cocktails. The rich, fruity flavor of plum brandy pairs well with a variety of mixers, making it a great base for different cocktails. Some popular plum brandy cocktails include the Plum Brandy Sour, which mixes plum brandy, lemon juice, and a sweetener, or the Plum Brandy Spritz, a refreshing combination of plum brandy, sparkling wine, and a dash of soda water.


In conclusion, learning how to make plum brandy is an adventure, to say the least. From selecting the perfect plums, through the delicate process of fermentation and distillation, to the patience required during aging, making plum brandy is a rewarding experience that culminates in a spirit filled with depth and complexity. As you enjoy your homemade plum brandy, whether neat, on the rocks, or in a delightful cocktail, you’ll appreciate the craftsmanship and patience that have gone into every drop.

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