How to Make Apple Brandy: From Orchard to Bottle

The magic of brandy, a distilled spirit typically hailing from grape wine, also unravels itself in the form of apple brandy. This delicious spirit, known for its intricate fusion of apple’s sweetness with the robust warmth of alcohol, is a connoisseur’s delight. The journey of understanding how to make apple brandy unveils a world of traditional craftsmanship and modern refinement that not only produces a delectable spirit but also serves as an engaging hobby for many home brewers.

Apple brandy’s distinct flavor and warming character are the rewards of a delicate process, each step contributing significantly to the finished product. Though the steps involved, from selecting the right apples to the aging process, may seem intricate, they carry along the charm of tradition and the satisfaction of creating a unique brew. Let us take you on a step-by-step journey through the art of making apple brandy at home.

Apple Brandy Recipe

Creating apple brandy at home is an intriguing blend of art and science. The procedure might appear simple on paper, but the subtleties in each step contribute to the depth and complexity of the final product. Like any good dish, a great apple brandy recipe relies on the quality of ingredients and a meticulous execution.

What goes into this fascinating spirit? Fresh apples, sugar, yeast, and access to a distillation device. Each of these ingredients plays a crucial role in determining the taste, aroma, and character of your homemade apple brandy. From the selection of apples and preparation, to the fermentation process, and finally, the distillation and aging – every phase is a universe in itself, contributing to the making of this delightful spirit.

Homemade Apple Brandy Recipe

Starting with 25 pounds of apples, this apple brandy recipe should yield approximately 1 to 1.5 gallons (3.8 to 5.7 liters) of apple brandy.

However, the exact yield can vary based on several factors, including the juice content of your chosen apple varieties, the efficiency of your juicing method, and the strength of your final product.

Remember, distillation concentrates the alcohol created during fermentation, so the volume will decrease from the initial 5-gallon mash. The goal is to extract the purest alcohol (the “hearts”) and leave behind the impurities (the “heads” and “tails”), which also reduces the volume.

The volume may further decrease if you choose to age the brandy for a long period due to evaporation, often referred to as the “angel’s share”. So, while the above is a general guideline, your actual yield might be slightly different.


25 pounds of apples (a mixture of sweet and tart varieties)
5 gallons of water
10 pounds of sugar
1 packet (5 grams) of wine yeast
Spices (optional): cinnamon sticks, cloves, nutmeg, or vanilla pods


Fruit press or juicer
Fermentation bucket with an airlock
Large pot for heating the mash
Home distillation unit or still
Glass aging barrel or carboy
Glass bottles for storage

How to Make Apple Brandy Recipe Instructions

1) Select and Prepare the Apples: Choose a mix of sweet and tart apple varieties for a balanced flavor. Rinse the apples thoroughly to remove any dirt or pesticides, then cut them into quarters, removing the stems and seeds.

2) Extract the Juice: Extract the juice from the apples using a fruit press or juicer. Once all the apples are juiced, strain the juice through a cheesecloth to remove any remaining solids.

3) Prepare the Fermentation Base: In a large pot, combine the apple juice, water, and sugar. Heat the mixture until the sugar is fully dissolved, then let it cool to room temperature.

4) Start the Fermentation: Once the mixture is cool, add the wine yeast according to the packet instructions. Stir well to distribute the yeast evenly.

5) Ferment the Mash: Transfer the mash to the fermentation bucket and install the airlock. Store the bucket in a dark, cool place for one to two weeks, or until the bubbling in the airlock subsides.

6) Distill the Apple Brandy: Transfer the fermented mash to your distillation unit or still. Heat the still until the alcohol and flavors evaporate, condense, and can be collected. Remember to separate the distillate’s heads, hearts, and tails, keeping only the hearts for your brandy.

7) Age the Apple Brandy: Pour the collected spirits into the glass aging barrel or carboy. If desired, add spices such as cinnamon sticks or vanilla pods for additional flavor. Seal the barrel or carboy and let the brandy age in a cool, dark place for several months to a year, tasting occasionally to monitor the flavor development.

8) Bottle the Apple Brandy: Once the apple brandy has aged to your liking, it’s time to bottle it. Using a small siphon, transfer the brandy to glass bottles, making sure to leave behind any sediment. Seal the bottles tightly with a cork or screw cap.

9) Store the Apple Brandy: Store your apple brandy upright in a cool, dark place. The brandy can be enjoyed immediately but will also keep well for several years.

Remember, making apple brandy is an art, and each batch will be unique. Don’t be afraid to experiment with different apple varieties, aging times, and spices to create a brandy that’s perfectly suited to your taste. Enjoy the process and your homemade apple brandy!

How to Make Apple Brandy

Apple brandy making, at its core, is a beautiful symphony of nature and human effort. Starting with choosing the perfect apples and ending with a finely aged brandy, the process is a rewarding journey of transformation.

Selecting and Preparing Apples

The journey of apple brandy starts in an orchard, with the selection of the best quality apples. This step can significantly influence the final flavor and quality of your brandy. Apples must be ripe and free from blemishes, as damaged or rotting apples can affect the fermentation process and ultimately the taste of your brandy.

It’s also essential to clean and prepare the apples correctly before starting the brewing process. After a thorough wash to remove any pesticides or dirt, the apples are quartered. There’s no need to remove the core or seeds; they will not negatively affect the fermentation process and will be separated from the juice later on.

Types of Apples

The types of apples used to make brandy can have a significant impact on the finished product’s taste and character. Different varieties offer different flavors and sweetness levels. While some might prefer the sugary notes of Red Delicious or Gala apples, others might enjoy the tartness brought by Granny Smith or Braeburn apples.

A balanced brandy often comes from using a mix of sweet and tart apple varieties. This allows the brandy to have a more complex flavor profile, highlighting different notes that would otherwise be hidden if a single variety was used. The experimentation and exploration of different combinations is a rewarding process that can help craft a truly unique apple brandy.

Washing and Cutting

After selecting the apple varieties, the next step is to wash and cut the apples. Washing is crucial to remove any lingering dirt or pesticides that could interfere with the fermentation process. The apples are then cut into quarters or smaller pieces to maximize the surface area for juice extraction.

Creating the Fermented Base

Once your apples are prepared, it’s time to start the fermentation process, which involves extracting the juice, adding sugar and yeast, and allowing the mixture to ferment. This fermented apple base forms the foundation of your apple brandy.

Apple Juice Extraction

The juice extraction process requires a fruit press or juicer to extract the maximum amount of juice from your prepared apples. The aim is to extract as much juice as possible without incorporating any seeds or stems into the liquid. This juice will provide the sweet and fruity base for your brandy.

When all the apples have been processed, strain the juice through a cheesecloth to remove any remaining solids. Be sure to squeeze out as much liquid as possible. The residual solids, known as pomace, can be composted or used as animal feed.

Adding Sugar and Yeast

Adding sugar and yeast to the apple juice forms the base of the brandy. The sugar feeds the yeast, which in turn, ferments the sugar into alcohol. The amount of sugar you add will determine the potential alcohol content of your brandy. Too much sugar could result in a very alcoholic but less flavorful brandy, while too little may not provide enough food for the yeast.

Once the sugar has been added, the next step is to add the yeast. The yeast strain you choose can significantly influence the flavors in the final product. There are many types of yeast available, each imparting different flavors and aromas to the fermented juice.

Fermentation Process

Fermentation is where the magic happens. During this process, yeast consumes the sugar in the apple juice and produces alcohol and carbon dioxide. This process usually takes between one and two weeks, depending on the temperature and yeast strain.

It’s essential to keep the fermenting juice in a cool, dark place and to let the fermentation process proceed undisturbed. During this time, you might notice bubbles or a frothy layer on top of the juice – these are normal signs of fermentation. Once the bubbling slows down, it indicates that most of the sugar has been converted to alcohol, and it’s time to distill the brandy.

How to Make Apple Brandy Distillation Process

Distillation is the process that concentrates the alcohol and flavors from the fermented apple juice. The goal is to capture the heart or middle portion of the distillate, leaving behind the “heads” and “tails,” which contain unwanted flavors and compounds.

Types of Stills

Choosing the right still for distillation can significantly impact the taste and character of your apple brandy. Pot stills are traditional and known for producing spirits with robust flavors, while column or reflux stills produce a cleaner spirit with a higher alcohol content. The choice between the two largely depends on personal preference.

A pot still operates on a batch distillation basis. The fermented mash is loaded, heated, and then the alcohol and flavors are captured as they evaporate, condense, and are collected. On the other hand, a column still continuously distills the mash, allowing for higher levels of purification and alcohol concentration.

Distillation Process

The distillation process involves heating the fermented mash in your chosen still. As the temperature increases, the alcohol and other compounds in the mash start to evaporate. These vapors rise through the still and are then condensed back into liquid form.

One critical aspect of distillation is separating the distillate into the “heads,” “hearts,” and “tails.” The “heads” contain methanol and other undesirable compounds and should be discarded. The “hearts” contain the highest concentration of ethanol and desirable flavors – this is what will become your apple brandy. The “tails” contain less alcohol and more of the heavy, often undesirable flavors.

Aging and Flavoring Apple Brandy

Once distillation is complete, the next steps involve aging and flavoring your apple brandy. These steps are what truly transforms the raw distilled spirit into a smooth, flavorful brandy.

Aging Apple Brandy in Oak Barrels

The aging process imparts the characteristic color, aroma, and taste of brandy. The brandy is aged in oak barrels, which lends it the classic amber hue and rich, smoky flavor that we associate with this luxurious spirit. The longer the brandy ages in the barrel, the more flavor it absorbs from the oak, adding layers of complexity to the final product.

The aging process also softens the harshness of the raw spirit. As it sits in the oak barrel, the spirit slowly oxidizes, mellowing its strong flavors and enhancing its smoothness. Depending on your taste preference, you may age your apple brandy from a few months to several years. Remember, the longer it ages, the smoother and more flavorful it will become.

Adding Spices

Spices are another important part of flavoring apple brandy. Adding spices can give your brandy an extra layer of complexity and enhance its inherent flavors. Cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, and vanilla are common spices that complement the sweet and tart nature of apple brandy. The quantity and types of spices you add largely depend on your personal preference.

To add spices to your brandy, place the desired amount into the aging barrel with the brandy. As with the aging process, the longer the spices sit in the brandy, the more flavor they will impart. However, remember to taste your brandy occasionally during this process, as over-spicing can overpower the natural apple and oak flavors.

Bottling and Storing

The final steps in making apple brandy are bottling and storing the finished product. This is an important part of the process, as the way you store your brandy can significantly affect its flavor and quality.

Decanting into Glass Bottles

Once your apple brandy has aged to your liking, it’s time to bottle it. Using a small siphon or carefully pouring the brandy, decant it into glass bottles. Be sure to leave behind any sediment at the bottom of the aging barrel.

Glass bottles are best for storing brandy because they don’t react with the alcohol, ensuring the flavor stays consistent over time. Once filled, make sure to seal the bottles tightly with a cork or screw cap to prevent any air from getting in and oxidizing the brandy.

Storage Conditions

Proper storage conditions are crucial for maintaining the quality and flavor of your apple brandy. Brandy should be stored upright in a cool, dark place. Unlike wine, brandy does not benefit from further aging once it is bottled, so it’s best to store it in conditions that will preserve its current state.

The key is to avoid exposing the brandy to heat and sunlight, which can cause it to degrade over time. The optimal temperature for storing brandy is between 15-20°C (59-68°F). Also, once a bottle is opened, it should ideally be consumed within 1-2 years.

Additional Notes

Learning how to make apple brandy at home is a rewarding experience. Beyond the steps and processes involved, there are additional considerations and comparisons to make your home brewing journey more enlightening.

Other Fruit Brandies

While this guide focuses on making apple brandy, it’s worth noting that you can apply the same principles to make other fruit brandies. Peach brandy and cherry brandy are examples of other styles of brandy that use fruits to make delicious homemade brandy. The key is to select high-quality, ripe fruit and follow the same steps for fermentation, distillation, and aging.  Here is a post where you can learn all the steps to make brandy and apply them to any fruit you want to try.

Just like with apples, the type of fruit you choose will significantly affect the taste and aroma of your final product. Experimenting with different fruits can be a fun and rewarding way to explore the world of homemade brandy.

Comparison to Commercial Apple Brandy

Making apple brandy at home offers the unique satisfaction of crafting something with your own hands and controlling every aspect of the process. This results in a product that, while different, can stand up to commercial apple brandies in its own right. Home-made brandy often has a rustic charm and character that mass-produced spirits can’t match.

However, commercial apple brandies come with their own advantages. Large distilleries have access to resources, specialized equipment, and years of experience that allow them to create consistently high-quality brandy. They also have the capacity to age their brandies for longer periods, often resulting in a smoother and more complex final product. However, there’s no denying the pride and joy that comes from sipping a glass of apple brandy you’ve made yourself.

Frequently Asked Questions

Apple brandy making is a process filled with nuance and tradition. Given its multifaceted nature, you might have a few questions. Let’s delve into some frequently asked questions about making apple brandy.

What is the process of fermenting apples for brandy?

Fermentation is a crucial step in making apple brandy. It involves extracting juice from the apples, adding sugar and yeast, and allowing the mixture to ferment. The yeast converts the sugar into alcohol in a process that usually takes between one to two weeks. The key is to ensure the fermenting apple juice is kept in a cool, dark place undisturbed until the bubbling subsides, indicating that the fermentation process is complete.

The fermented apple juice is then ready for distillation, where it is heated and the alcohol and flavors are captured, condensed, and collected. This distilled spirit is what eventually becomes apple brandy after aging.

Which apples yield the best taste for apple brandy?

The types of apples used can significantly influence the final taste of your apple brandy. Different apple varieties offer distinct sweetness and tartness levels, which contribute to the brandy’s flavor profile. Some might prefer the sweetness of Red Delicious or Gala apples, while others might enjoy the tartness of Granny Smith or Braeburn apples.

A mix of sweet and tart apple varieties often yields a balanced and complex brandy. Experimenting with different apple combinations can help create a unique apple brandy that suits your taste preferences.

What is the ideal aging duration for apple brandy?

The aging duration for apple brandy largely depends on personal preference. The longer the brandy ages in the oak barrel, the smoother and more flavorful it becomes, as it absorbs more flavor from the oak. However, there’s no strict rule on how long you should age your brandy.

For some, a few months might be enough to achieve the desired taste and smoothness. Others might prefer to age their brandy for several years to develop a more complex flavor profile. Regular tasting during the aging process can help determine the ideal aging duration for your apple brandy.

How to create a delicious apple brandy mash recipe?

A good apple brandy mash recipe starts with selecting high-quality, ripe apples. The apples are washed, cut, and then pressed or juiced. The apple juice is then mixed with sugar, which will feed the yeast during fermentation, and the yeast is added.

The sugar-to-apple juice ratio, along with the yeast strain used, will determine the potential alcohol content and flavor of your apple brandy. Regular tasting and adjusting the sugar levels during fermentation can help create a delicious apple brandy mash.

How can one prepare apple brandy cocktails?

Apple brandy is a versatile spirit that can be used in a variety of cocktails. For a simple yet delicious cocktail, mix apple brandy with ginger ale and a squeeze of lemon for a refreshing drink.

For something more complex, consider making an Apple Brandy Old Fashioned by combining apple brandy, simple syrup, Angostura bitters, and a twist of orange peel. This cocktail highlights the rich, warming flavors of apple brandy.

Apple brandy also works wonderfully in warm cocktails. A Hot Apple Toddy made with apple brandy, hot water, honey, and a touch of lemon can be the perfect drink for a cold day. Whichever way you choose to mix it, apple brandy adds a sweet and robust element to a range of cocktails.


Learning how to make apple brandy at home is an intricate dance of patience, tradition, and science. While it may seem complex, each step in the process carries its own sense of accomplishment and contributes to the overall quality and character of the final product. From selecting and preparing apples to fermenting, distilling, aging, and bottling, every stage holds an important role in creating a unique and flavorful apple brandy.

The reward for your effort and patience is a homemade spirit that tells a story, a spirit that reflects the care and attention you’ve put into it. Whether you enjoy it neat, on the rocks, or in a cocktail, your homemade apple brandy is more than just a drink – it’s a testament to a time-honored craft and your dedication to it.

P.S. We’ve arranged a little something for you as a thank you for visiting. Please see the blog sidebar or the bottom of the screen if you’re on mobile. Cheers!

Leave a Comment

Share via
Copy link
Powered by Social Snap